Greek Mythological Terms, Places & Names
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a tree nymph (plural: dryads, δρυάδες); protects and dwells in trees, woodlands, and groves; although the term dryad has come to mean any tree nymph, it is also specifically used for nymphs of the oak tree, while other names are associated with other types of trees. For example, oreiad (coniferous trees), daphnis (bay laurel), morea (mulberry), aigeiros (black poplar), ptelea (elm), syke (fig) and many more.
Kifisos or Cephissus (Κηφισος)
Kithairon or Cithaeron (Κιθαιρων)
an underworld nymph (plural: lampads or lampades, λαμπάδες); they carry torches and accompany Hekate on her night wanderings
a nymph of Dionysos (plural: maenads, μαϊνάδες); known for their frenzied devotion, their name literally means “raving ones;” they reach an ecstatic state through intoxication and dance in honor of their god; most often seen bearing a thyrsus (a pinecone-tipped giant fennel stalk wrapped in ivy), wearing deer or fawn skin, crowned with ivy wreaths or bull helms, and handling or donning serpents; also called bacchae or bacchantes
a freshwater nymph (plural: naiads, ναϊάδες); protects and dwells in freshwater springs, streams, rivers, waterfalls, lakes, and marshes; often acts as a guardian to youths as they transition from childhood to adulthood
a sea nymph (plural: nereids, νηρεΐδες); protects and dwells in the sea, waves, current, seafoam, sea rocks, and sand; often acts as a guardian to fisherfolk, sailors, and seafarers; often seen accompanying Poseidon
a nature spirit of a mountain, forest, meadow, sea, freshwater source or other region (plural: nymphs, νύμφαι); responsible for growing, nurturing, and guarding natural habitats and the plants and animals within it; they often group together to form a deity’s retinue (example, Dionysos’ maenads or Hekate’s lampades) and sometimes are known to nurse a god as an infant. See also: dryad (forest nymph), lampada (underworld nymph), maenad (nymphs of Dionysos), naiad (freshwater nymph), nereid (sea nymph), okeanid (river nymph), oreiad (conifer nymph)